Bedbugs feed on human blood. They get their blood meals at night while the host person is sleeping. After they feed, bedbugs find a hiding place near the bed. The first step in eliminating bedbugs is finding their hiding places.
It is common to find bedbugs hiding in and around the bed. They hide in the bed frame, the headboard, and even in the bedding. Bedbugs also hide in the seams of the mattress, between the mattress and box spring, and even inside the box spring.
Before starting to kill bedbugs, take the bed completely apart. Wash the bedding. Temperatures above 113° can kill bedbugs. Throw pillows can be placed in the dryer on the high setting. It may be possible to heat treat extra large pillows and comforters by placing them into black plastic bags and setting them out in the sun for a few hours.
It is also important to inspect any items that were stored under the bed. Bedbugs will readily infest bags and boxes of stored items.
It is fairly easy to kill bedbugs with insecticide. Aerosol products should be injected into the cracks and crevices where the bedbugs were hiding. The bed frame, the headboard, and the baseboards behind the bed should all be treated.
Application should be made with equipment that will allow the insecticide to go into the cracks and crevices with no residue on the surface. This will minimize any risk to the people who will sleep in the bed later.
Bedbugs often hide behind baseboards. They move inside the wall and can travel from room-to-room. Dust insecticide is an effective way to treat the voids in the walls. This will usually require drilling tiny holes into the wall at the top of the baseboard.
Many people prefer to call pest control professionals to do the treatment. They have the products and the necessary equipment to treat bedbugs effectively.