Bedbugs are members of the insect family Cimicidae. Scientists have counted more than 70 different species in this family. Many of them attack bats, wild birds, or poultry, but most people call them all bedbugs. They are blood-feeding insects. They probably got the name of “bedbugs” from the way that true bedbugs sneak into people's beds and bite them while they are sleeping.
The most common type of bedbug is Cimex lectularius. It is common in the temperate regions of the world. It is found throughout the United States. Scientists have found that the eggs do not hatch if the temperature goes above 98.5°or below 55°. The adult bedbug dies if the temperature goes above 113° Because of this, the scientists suspect the bedbug is most common in buildings that are occupied.
The tropical bedbug, Cimex hemipterus, is most active in tropical and semi-tropical regions. It is found in southern Florida. It attacks humans, but it also attacks poultry and bats. Scientists can distinguish it from the common bedbug, but the average person may not be able to make the distinction.
The bat bugs are members of the Cimicidae family. Cimex adjunctus is common in the eastern and midwestern parts of North America. Cimex pilosellus is more common in the western areas of North America. In some areas, these insects infest homes more often than true bedbugs. They may invade attics with bats, then move into the living space and attack humans when the bats migrate.
The swallow bug, Oeciacus vicarius, normally attack cliff swallows, barn swallows, and purple martins. Their feeding can kill baby birds. In the winter, the birds leave, so the bugs seek other hosts. They commonly attack mice or bats as alternative hosts, but they can survive without feeding until the birds return to the nests. If the birds had nested in or on a home, the bugs might bite humans during the late winter or spring
The poultry bugs, Haematosiphon inodorus, hide in chicken roosting areas. They stay in cracks and crevices during the day and come out at night to feed. Humans may be bitten if they are working in the poultry houses at night.
These bugs can look very similar. People who suspect they have one of these blood-feeding insects might do well to call a pest control professional. These people will be able to make a thorough inspection. They will have access to experts who will be able to identify what type of bedbug it is. They will also be able to prescribe an effective treatment program. .